Of all terrier breeds, one of the smallest is the Yorkshire Terrier
. You can expect approximately 12 to 15 years out of your Yorkshire Terrier, though some sources quote 13 to 20 years. Most commonly, both male and female exhibit a height between 8 to 9 inches, and weigh between four and seven pounds. Their coat is typically tan, black, and gray.
A Brief History of Yorkshire Terrier
In Yorkshire England, in the 19th century, the Yorkshire Terrier breed was developed. Mixed breeds of terriers were brought by minors to Scotland. The Terriers were used as ratters to rid mines and woolen and cotton mills of vermin. There is very little documentation, however, about the precise breeding circumstances that resulted in this particular breed.
Several different breeds of terrier were thought to have contributed to the Yorkie as we know it today. Possibilities include Maltese, Scotch Terrier, Skey Terrier, and Paisley Terrier. The maximum size, and considered ideal, is approximately 7 pounds. Other terrier breeds, including the Silky Terrier, have been developing using the Yorkie breed.
The first competing Yorkshire Terrier was introduced in 1885 to the AKC (American Kennel Club).
Is Yorkshire Terrier a Good Dog to Keep as a Pet?
The Yorkshire Terrier makes an excellent pet. They are energetic and playful. They do not like to be left alone, however, and can suffer from separation anxiety. Typically, Yorkie owners often prefer to have two, rather than one.
These dogs have been said to "convey an important air", and have been described as “feisty". Each has their own distinct personality. They are fond of attention, curious, very protective, and active. Emotionally secure and mentally sound, they may not have the usual lapdog temperament – submissive and soft. Frequently, however, that's only a result of improper training.
Homes with very young children may not be the best environment for these dogs. They do, however, work out well in homes with 10-year-olds or older, and in homes with senior residents. They do bark a lot, and make decent alert dogs. With exercise and training, the barking can be managed.
Are They Big Shedders?
The coat of a Yorkshire Terrier is a silky, straight, fine, and glossy. Down the middle of the back, it grows out in a long part. This dog is considered hypoallergenic. It is recommended that regular brushing be executed on the Yorkie’s long coat.
Regarding whether or not they shed, only about as much as their human counterparts.
Are They Healthy Dogs?
Yorkshire Terrier health problems
typically include the following: Cataracts, digestive issues (be very careful with their diet), portosystemic shunt, lymphangiectasia, and severe dental disease. This breed also exhibits any number of genetic defects including malformation of legs, tendins, and vertebrae, tracheal collapse, issue-prone eyelids, and more.
To keep their mind busy, indoor games are recommended. Walks and runs for physical stimulation are needed as this animal was developed as a working breed. Contented, they are satisfied to curl up in your lap. If bored or dissatisfied however, they've been known to be "yappy".
Other Fun Facts You Should Know about Yorkshire Terrier
• They can make some strange noises referred to as reverse sneezing. It's harmless, though somewhat alarming!
• A Yorkie was the first therapy dog.
• Originally, they were called "Broken-Haired Scotch Terriers".
• To defend their owner or territory, they will dedicatedly attack other, bigger dogs, large animals, humans, etc.